Before the Bosphorus Bridge was built in 1973, Haydarpasa Terminal was the intersection point of the European and Asian sides of Istanbul. People used to take the train from Anatolia, and move on to the ferry at Haydarpasa to reach the European side. After the construction of the bridge, road transportation became more frequently used and the Haydarpasa Terminal left its hectic days behind. The terminal was a meeting point, where travelers waited, people bid farewell to each other, and greet their arriving loved ones.
The terminal was opened in 1872 and rebuilt in 1909. It was built by German and Italian stonemasons. Haydarpasa, the gate to Anatolia, also became a stage for TV shows and movies. It was an actor of those screenplays. Haydarpasa was not only an architectural work of art, but also a place where people could drink tea while observing the scenery of the Hagia Sophia, Galata Tower and the Bosphorus. Since June 2013, Haydarpasa has been silent.
The suburban train trips were suspended because of the high-speed train work. Goztepe Station, opened in 1872, rebuilt in 1969 and a part of the Haydarpasa-Pendik line, is rumored to have been demolished as a part of this work. The Ministry of Transportation, Maritime Affairs and Communication felt the need to make a statement. The ministry stated that Goztepe Station was not to be demolished but preserved. A new station was to be built .25 miles west to the existing station within the frame of the Marmaray Project (the frequently debated underwater railway connecting the Asian and European sides) and that new station was to be used. This means the historical station will not be used, and ultimately will be abandoned. Every station on the Haydarpasa - Pendik line is going to face the same problem: Kiziltoprak, Feneryolu, Erenkoy, Suadiye... What is to become of Haydarpasa Terminal is also unknown.
Leaving these historical stations unused under the pretense of renovation will cause a great deal of damage to Istanbul's legacy. Is it impossible to preserve them instead of building new stations? Or maybe a museum of some sort could be built inside these stations that would talk about their history? The small museums built in the stations would add value to them, and every element in the stations would be better preserved.
The Kadikoy Municipality, the host of Haydarpasa and many stations on the Haydarpasa - Pendik line, proposed that these historical stations could be used as cultural centers under the guidance of Sunay Akin, a widely-known Turkish poet and intellectual. The proposal was refused by the Ministry.
Let's not forget that preservation of a legacy is the first step in ensuring society's memory. Without preservation, history is doomed to be forgotten.
What else could be done to preserve the legacy of historical buildings?
Original article, originally published in Turkish, here.
Credits: Images by Murad Sekerli and Sabri Irmak. Data linked to sources.